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Microbial forensics is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act...
Microbial forensics is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime, or inadvertent microorganism or toxin release for attribution purposes. This emerging discipline seeks to offer investigators the tools and techniques to support efforts to identify the source of a biological threat agent and attribute a biothreat act to a particular person or group. Microbial forensics is still in the early stages of development and faces substantial scientific challenges to continue to build capacity.

The unlawful use of biological agents poses substantial dangers to individuals, public health, the environment, the economies of nations, and global peace. It also is likely that scientific, political, and media-based controversy will surround any investigation of the alleged use of a biological agent, and can be expected to affect significantly the role that scientific information or evidence can play. For these reasons, building awareness of and capacity in microbial forensics can assist in our understanding of what may have occurred during a biothreat event, and international collaborations that engage the broader scientific and policy-making communities are likely to strengthen our microbial forensics capabilities. One goal would be to create a shared technical understanding of the possibilities - and limitations - of the scientific bases for microbial forensics analysis.

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities, based partly on a workshop held in Zabgreb, Croatia in 2013, identifies scientific needs that must be addressed to improve the capabilities of microbial forensics to investigate infectious disease outbreaks and provide evidence of sufficient quality to support legal proceedings and the development of government policies. This report discusses issues of sampling, validation, data sharing, reference collection, research priorities, global disease monitoring, and training and education to promote international collaboration and further advance the field.
Where Have All The Leaders Gone? We are presently facing a global crisis in leadership — at least according...
Where Have All The Leaders Gone?
We are presently facing a global crisis in leadership — at least according to a survey of experts convened by the World Economic Forum in 2014, that is. Fully 86 percent of the 1200 individuals surveyed by the forum responded that the global crisis in leadership posed a “serious challenge to prospects for tackling the world’s most pressing and dire challenges.” Across the board, from religious institutions to government, media, and business, faith in leadership has crumbled over the past 15 years.
Health equity, the attainment of the highest level of health for all people, is yet to be realized for...
Health equity, the attainment of the highest level of health for all people, is yet to be realized for many populations in the United States. Health equity focuses on diseases and health care services, but is also broadly linked to social determinants, such as socioeconomic status, the physical environment, discrimination, and legislative policies. For one population, Native Hawaiians, the indigenous people of Hawai‘i, the elusiveness of health equity is reflected in the excess burden of health and social disparities. The experience of health disparities for this native population is even more troubling as Hawai‘i, with its diverse multiethnic population, is reputed to be the “healthiest state in America.” This paper provides a perspective on health equity for Native Hawaiians by reviewing population characteristics, identifying prominent health and social disparities, presenting programs that show promise for health equity, and concluding with recommendations for the future.
This new partnership agreement effectively twinning the two cities is a strategic move: Dubai and Frankfurt not only share a skyline of modern high-rise buildings; both cities have also set their sights on becoming leaders in the fields of finance, commercial services, IT and media.
With more than US $4.2 billion worth of exports, and over 500 companies operating in the country, German trade to the UAE is second only to Saudi Arabia, in the Gulf. Zoe Naylor finds out why the region is a goldmine for German companies looking...
Trauma care in the military and civilian sectors is a portrait of contradiction. On one hand, the nation...
Trauma care in the military and civilian sectors is a portrait of contradiction. On one hand, the nation has never seen better systems of care for those wounded on the battlefield or severely injured within the United States. On the other, many trauma patients, depending on when or where they are injured, do not receive the benefit of those gains. Far too many die needlessly or sustain lifelong disabilities as a result. Hundreds or more U.S. service member lives could likely be saved in future wars if trauma care were optimal. Those potential gains soar into the tens of thousands of lives saved if past and future improvements in military trauma care could be systematically translated into the civilian sector.
Many of the works of our greatest artists are fragile and sensitive to light and humidity. With the ...
Many of the works of our greatest artists are fragile and sensitive to light and humidity. With the Art Camera, museums can share these priceless works with the global public while ensuring they're preserved for future generations. We want to give museums the tools they need to do this important work, so we're sending a fleet of these cameras from museum to museum around the world—for free.
The Art Camera will dramatically increase the scale and depth at which museums are able to provide access to our shared cultural heritage to anyone around the world. For example, if you wanted to see Van Gogh’s six famous portraits of the Roulin family up close, you’d need to travel across the Netherlands then over to LA and New York. Now the Art Camera can travel for you. It’s already captured the Portrait of Armand Roulin, which you can explore alongside the rest of the family, all in one place.
I promise never to complain about the bad crazy drivers or heavy traffic in downtown Riyadh again. Especially...
I promise never to complain about the bad crazy drivers or heavy traffic in downtown Riyadh again. Especially after seeing the amazing photo a brave photographer shot of a wild elephant rampaging through an east Indian town on Wednesday, "smashing homes and sending panicked residents running. As the frightened elephant ran amok, trampling parked cars and motorbikes, crowds of people gathered to watch from balconies and roof tops..
Born in 1920, Cooley graduated with highest honors from the University of Texas Austin and earned his...
Born in 1920, Cooley graduated with highest honors from the University of Texas Austin and earned his medical degree from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1944.Cooley performed the first transplant of a human heart in the United States in 1968. The following year, he became the first surgeon to implant an artificial heart in a human. In 1962, Cooley founded the Texas Heart Institute, where he was serving as the president emeritus and surgeon-in-chief emeritus. At the time of his death, Cooley was also serving as a surgery consultant at Texas Children's Hospital and a surgery professor at the University of Texas Medical School at Houston. In 1984, President Ronald Reagan awarded Cooley the Medal of Freedom - the nation's highest civilian honor.
Now that I am too old for combat as a genuine Ninja assassin, I figure hey why not capitalize on the...
Now that I am too old for combat as a genuine Ninja assassin, I figure hey why not capitalize on the fame of ninjas with the growing popularity of sushi. So in my spare time, I make sushi at my new restaurant in Hawaii using my deadly sharp samurai sword. Anybody is welcome (that is, paying customers), but do not, I repeat, do not criticize the sushi grand master preparing your overly expensive piece of raw tuna or blow-fish (also called pufferfish, which produce tetrodotoxin... need I say more)
4 Things Leaders Can Learn from This Election With this year’s presidential debates being the most watched...
4 Things Leaders Can Learn from This Election
With this year’s presidential debates being the most watched of all time, the political fireworks have gotten people talking—and arguing—more than almost any other election ever. But whether it’s Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton who takes the day on November 8th, there’s a lot that corporate leaders can learn from the way that voters have responded to the controversial climate of the race.
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